CICLOPS: Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for OPerationS
Epimetheus' Long Shadow

Epimetheus' Long Shadow
PIA 11592

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  The long shadow of a small moon cuts across Saturn's A ring and thin F ring in this image taken as the planet approached its August 2009 equinox.

The moon Epimetheus (113 kilometers, 70 miles across) is not pictured here, but the moon's shadow stretches past the Encke Gap of the A ring in the upper right of the image. See PIA11651 for an earlier view which showed a shorter shadow from Epimetheus.

The shadow does not appear uniformly dark on all parts of the ring because this view is of the unlit side of the rings and the particle density of the rings varies. See PIA11660 to learn more.

The novel illumination geometry that accompanies equinox lowers the sun's angle to the ringplane, significantly darkens the rings, and causes out-of-plane structures to look anomalously bright and cast shadows across the rings. These scenes are possible only during the few months before and after Saturn's equinox which occurs only once in about 15 Earth years. Before and after equinox, Cassini's cameras have spotted not only the predictable shadows of some of Saturn's moons (see PIA11657), but also the shadows of newly revealed vertical structures in the rings themselves (see PIA11665).

This view looks toward the northern, unilluminated side of the rings from about 28 degrees above the ringplane.

The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on July 30, 2009. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 1.7 million kilometers (1.1 million miles) from Saturn. Image scale is 10 kilometers (6 miles) per pixel.

The Cassini Equinox Mission is a joint United States and European endeavor. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter was designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team consists of scientists from the US, England, France, and Germany. The imaging operations center and team lead (Dr. C. Porco) are based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

For more information about the Cassini Equinox Mission visit, and

Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Released: October 1, 2009 (PIA 11592)
Image/Caption Information

Alliance Member Comments
Dragon_of_Luck_Mah_Jonng1971 (Oct 2, 2009 at 6:14 PM):
Saying "cutting across" more exactly, because this picture was taken only roughly 2 weeks before Saturn equinox.
Dragon_of_Luck_Mah_Jonng1971 (Oct 2, 2009 at 5:52 PM):
An impressive and very special shadow is being cast on the A and F rings. At the F ring it has got an effect now being already familiar to me.