CICLOPS: Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for OPerationS
Io's Prometheus Volcano at Various Resolutions

Io's Prometheus Volcano at Various Resolutions
PIA 02564

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This composite of images, all acquired by NASA's Galileo spacecraft, contains three views at three different image resolutions of the volcano Prometheus on Jupiter's moon Io. The upper mosaic consists of eight high-resolution frames (12 meters or 39 feet per picture element). The lower left image is a single medium-resolution frame (170 meters or 186 yards per picture element); and the lower right mosaic consists of several low-resolution color frames (1.3 kilometers or .81 miles per picture element).

The high- and medium-resolution frames were obtained during Galileo's third close flyby of Io, on February 22, 2000, while the low-resolution color context frames were obtained on June 30, 1999. In all the images, north is to the top, and the high-resolution mosaic spans about 65 kilometers (40 miles) from east to west. The high-resolution mosaic is centered at about 13 degrees north latitude and 155 degrees west longitude.

At increasing resolution, more surface details about Prometheus become clear. For example, dark spots visible on flows of Prometheus at lower resolution resolve into dark, fresh lava flows with well-defined margins at higher resolution. Bright spots along the margins of Prometheus resolve into bright streaks that appear to come from plumes emanating from the edges of the Prometheus flows. The terrain surrounding Prometheus, which appears relatively smooth at lower resolution, resolves into a complex material composed of rough, ridge-like features at higher resolution. Also visible in the rightmost frame of the high-resolution mosaic(on the northern edge of the very dark lava flow in the lower right corner) are two bright spots, which may indicate active, glowing lava breakouts.

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., manages the mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

This image, other images and data received from Galileo are posted on the Galileo mission home page at Background information and educational context for the images can be found at

Image Credit: NASA/JPL