CICLOPS: Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for OPerationS
Slow Northern Reveal

Slow Northern Reveal
PIA 10568

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  Cassini imaging scientists have waited years for the sun to reveal the hexagonal wave pattern in the clouds of Saturn's north pole, part of which can be seen at the top of this image from Cassini.

This mosaic combines four separate near-infrared images to show one full side of the hexagon and two partial sides cut off by shadow.

When the spacecraft arrived in 2004, winter darkened the north pole. As the planet continues its 29-year orbit, the sun sheds more light on northern features and uncovers more of this strange, long-lived formation first observed in Voyager images of the illuminated northern pole from the early 1980's.

False color images made from data collected by Cassini's visual and infrared mapping spectrometer (VIMS) (PIA09188) have previously captured the full six-sided pattern in the infrared.

South of the hexagon at least five large storm systems can be seen spinning in a sea of smaller storms.

The image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on Dec. 1, 2008 using a spectral filter sensitive to wavelengths of near-infrared light centered at 752 nanometers. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 712,000 kilometers (443,000 miles) from Saturn and at a Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 69 degrees. Image scale is 39 kilometers (24 miles) per pixel.

The Cassini Equinox Mission is a joint United States and European endeavor. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter was designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team consists of scientists from the US, England, France, and Germany. The imaging operations center and team lead (Dr. C. Porco) are based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

For more information about the Cassini Equinox Mission visit, and

Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Released: January 30, 2009 (PIA 10568)
Image/Caption Information

Alliance Member Comments
Red_dragon (Jan 30, 2009 at 10:28 AM):
Agree with NeKto. Also, the hexagon will be something really worth to look at when the next solstice arrives. Hope Cassini will be still there and also everyone to see it.
NeKto (Jan 30, 2009 at 7:53 AM):
this is one image i have been waiting for. the hexagon is still there. i want to compare this with the voyager images. i recall a visible altitude difference in some of the older images that doesn't show up here.
the detail in this image is extraordinary. i hope there are some clues here to help unravel the forces that sustain this structure.
this made my morning!