CICLOPS: Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for OPerationS
Stellar Horizon

Stellar Horizon
PIA 10406

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  The nearest star system, Alpha Centauri, hangs above the horizon of Saturn.

Both Alpha Centauri A and B are clearly distinguishable in this image. (The red dwarf Proxima Centauri is not visible here.)

From the orbit of Saturn, light (as well as Cassini's radio signal) takes little more than an hour travel to Earth. The distance to Alpha Centauri is so great that light from these stars takes more than four years to reach our solar system. Thus, although Saturn seems a distant frontier, the nearest star is about 30,000 times farther away.

This image is part of a stellar occultation sequence, during which Cassini watches as a star (or stars) pass behind Saturn. Light from the stars is attenuated by the uppermost reaches of Saturn's gaseous envelope, revealing information about the structure and composition of the planet's atmosphere.

The view was captured from about 66 degrees above the ringplane and faces southward on Saturn. Ring shadows mask the planet's northern latitudes at bottom.

The image was taken in visible red light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on May 17, 2008. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 534,000 kilometers (332,000 miles) from Saturn. Image scale on Saturn is about 3 kilometers (2 miles) per pixel.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The imaging team consists of scientists from the US, England, France, and Germany. The imaging operations center and team lead (Dr. C. Porco) are based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission, visit and the Cassini imaging team home page,

Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Released: June 18, 2008 (Happy 66th Birthday, Paul McCartney!) (PIA 10406)
Image/Caption Information

Alliance Member Comments
Red_dragon (Jun 19, 2008 at 7:44 AM):
The Alpha Centauri system needs a telescope to be resolved, so there's no doubts about the high resolution of Cassini's NAC. Truly dramatic image as other NAC shots.