CICLOPS: Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for OPerationS

Titan Close-Ups
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Titan Close-Ups
PIA 06138

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  These images, taken during Cassini's first close flyby of Titan, show details never before seen on Titan's mysterious surface.

The large, bottom image shows complex interplay between dark and bright material on Titan's surface. This image was taken at a range of about 340,000 km, and the whole scene is approximately 2000 km across. The surface appears to have been shaped by multiple geologic processes: although a few circular features can be seen, there are no features that can be definitively identified as impact craters. Cassini scientists are studying these and other images acquired during the flyby to understand the nature and origins of the intriguing features.

The three smaller images show details of some of the features seen within the larger scene. The image on the upper right shows a scene approximately 500 km across in which bright and dark bands of material trend east-west. The upper middle and upper right images show scenes approximately 300 km across, of bright material surrounded by dark material. Very narrow, dark bands can be seen crossing the bright terrain. These features are approximately 2 km across and up to a few hundred kilometers long. (The dark circular feature that appears at the top of each of the upper images is a camera artifact that was not removed by the preliminary image processing.)

North-west is approximately up in all images and the Sun is illuminating Titan from nearly behind the spacecraft. As a result of the illumination geometry and of Titan's hazy atmosphere, there are no shadows or topographic shading visible in these images. All shading is simply due to surface brightness contrasts.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The imaging team consists of scientists from the US, England, France, and Germany. The imaging operations center and team lead (Dr. C. Porco) are based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission, visit and the Cassini imaging team home page,

Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Released: October 27, 2004 (PIA 06138)
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