This image depicts the discovery of sulfur gas in the plume of the Pele volcano on Jupiter's moon Io, as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope in October 1999, during a flyby of Io by NASA's Galileo spacecraft. The main image shows Io passing in front of Jupiter as seen by Hubble's Wide-Field Planetary Camera (WFPC2) in near-ultraviolet light. The small inset shows that when a WFPC2 image at shorter ultraviolet wavelengths is included in a color composite with the near-ultraviolet image, Io's Pele plume appears as a dark smudge off the edge of Io's disk, silhouetted against Jupiter. The larger inset shows data from Hubble's Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, which mapped the composition of Pele's plume by analyzing the ultraviolet light from Jupiter which had passed through the plume. The regions shown in yellow were rich in sulfur gas, which was precisely centered over the Pele volcano, whose position is shown along with the edge of Io's disk.
Additional information about the Hubble Space Telescope is available athttp://www.stsci.edu/. Additional information about the Galileo mission is available at http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov. Image Credit: NASA/JPL