Jets of icy particles burst from Enceladus in this brief movie sequence of four images taken on November 27, 2005. The sensational discovery of active eruptions on a third outer solar system body (after Io and Triton) is surely one of the great highlights of the Cassini mission.
Images taken in January, 2005 appeared to show the plume emanating from the fractured south polar region of Enceladus, but the visible plume was only slightly brighter than the background noise in the image because the lighting geometry was not suitable to reveal the true details of the feature. This potential sighting, in addition to the detection of the icy particles in the plume by other Cassini instruments, prompted imaging scientists to target Enceladus again with exposures designed to confirm the validity of the earlier plume sighting.
The new views show individual jets, or plume sources, that contribute to the plume with much greater visibility than the earlier images. The full plume towers over the 504-kilometer (313-mile) wide moon, and is at least as tall as the moon's diameter.
The four 10-second exposures were taken over the course of about 36 minutes at approximately 12 minute intervals.
Enceladus rotates about 7.5 degrees in longitude over the course of the frames, and most of the observed changes in the appearances of the jets is likely attributable to changes in the viewing geometry. However, some of the changes may be due to actual variation in the flow from the jets on a time scale of tens of minutes.
Additionally, the shift of the sources seen here should provide information about their location in front of behind the visible limb of Enceladus.
These images were obtained using the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera at distances between 144,350 and 149,520 kilometers (89,695 and 92,907 miles) from Enceladus and at a phase angle of about 161 degrees. Image scale is about 900 meters (2,950 feet) per pixel on Enceladus.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The imaging team consists of scientists from the US, England, France, and Germany. The imaging operations center and team lead (Dr. C. Porco) are based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.